Olustee Battlefield Historic State Park was the site of an American Civil War battle on 20 February 1864 won by the Confederates. ... (Richmond Tredegar) and a State site (Battle of Bentonville), I was very impressed by this battlefield site maintained by a preservation group! If you prefer not to leave an email address, check back at your NCpedia comment for a reply. By dawn of the 16th, 4 divisions of Federal reinforcements had arrived, leading a morning advance that drove back skirmishers but was stopped by the main Confederate line and counterattack. The Battle of Averasboro took place about 4 miles south of the Averasborough township. Similar to John Buford’s covering force action northwest of Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, Hardee’s battle was a tactical wonder. The result was a brilliant delaying action that played out exactly as Hardee had planned and the day ended with his final line still in place blocking Sherman's advance. The Battle of Bentonville, fought March 19-21, 1865, was the last full-scale action of the Civil War in which a Confederate army was able to mount a tactical offensive. Created March 16, 1865. As Slocum’s infantry came on, Butler’s men put up a stiff fight, forcing the Union commander to bring and deploy the XX Corps divisions of Brig. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Averasboro Battlefield. In 1856–60 he The three-day conflict involved more than 71,000 Confederate troops commanded by General Robert E. Lee and nearly 94,000 Union troops under General George Meade. Olustee Battlefield Historic State Park was the site of an American Civil War battle on 20 February 1864 won by the Confederates. The battle took place on the Smithville plantation, which was made up of three smaller plantations that had all been owned by John Smith. On March 16, 1865, 150 years ago today, what became known as the Battle of Averasboro was joined between Hardee’s corps and elements from Maj. Gen. Henry Slocum’s Army of Georgia. During the engagement, Morgan utilized what is known as a defense in depth to defeat a counterpart that both exceeded his own force in numbers and experience. During the Battle of Averasboro, the Union lost about 682 men while the Confederates lost about 500. The Battle of Averasboro…..6. by Jim Kopchak. The fight near Averasboro was only a small battle; nonetheless, it effectively stalled Slocum's advance for one day, enabling Johnston to concentrate his forces and launch a full-scale attack against the Union left wing at Bentonville three days later. Known as “Old Reliable”, Hardee had forged this sobriquet at Shiloh, Murfreesboro and at the gates of Atlanta. William J. Hardee, Confederate general in the American Civil War (1861–65) who wrote a popular infantry manual used by both the North and the South. Once it became untenable, these troops would fall back to the next position, which is made up of veteran soldiers. First Confederate line at Averasboro. Label vector designed by Ibrandify - Freepik.com, http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2004661156/, http://www.averasboro.com/History/MapofTheBattleofAverasboro/tabid/106/Default.aspx, http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/battle-of-averasboro-north-carolina, https://www.ncdcr.gov/about/history/division-historical-resources/nc-highway-historical-marker-program/Markers.aspx?MarkerId=HH-2. Following the end of the war, Hardee moved to Selma, Alabama and the former soldier became a planter. On 15 March Gen. Joseph E. Johnston ordered Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee's 6,000 Confederate troops to engage the enemy while Maj. Gens. This fact may have eaten at the quiet professional. Kelly Agan, Government & Heritage Library. 1028. Union shelling continued, followed by several costly charges. He passed away on November 6, 1873 and is buried there. Scenario: Averasboro: March 16, 1865 North Carolina Type: Historical. Battle of Gettysburg, major engagement in the American Civil War that was fought southwest of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and was a crushing Southern defeat. Heading North after capturing Savannah, General Sherman defeated Joseph Johnston's Confederate army on March 19-21, 1865 at the small village of Bentonville, NC. Elliot’s men were able to hold until they were overwhelmed by the oncoming blue divisions. On March 15th the left wing of General Sherman’s Union army, commanded by General H.W. If you look at the 3rd paragraph, you'll see that the number killed is listed. The action was designed to delay and to damage General Sherman's progress, and it did both under the able and experienced leadership of General William J. Hardee. Technically a Federal tactical win, the preamble Averasboro was actually a Confederate strategic victory. Using tactics first employed by Gen. Daniel Morgan at the Battle of Cowpens during the Revolutonary War, Hardee formed his men in three lines. The Battle of Averasboro was fought on the 8,000-acre Smith Plantation as Union troops advanced from Fayetteville. The Battle of Averasborough was part of the Carolinas Campaign during the American Civil War. Hardee possessed an acute military acumen. Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press. Col. Alfred Rhett’s brigade, under the direction of Col William Butler, manned the first position. Robert F. Hoke and Daniel H. Hill marched from Kinston. Skirmishers were driven back, but the Confederates rallied and charged. You are standing near the center of the first phase of fighting in the Battle of Averasboro, March 15-16, 1865. "Battle at Black River, March 16th, 65." The fight delayed the Union advance, but Hardee's small force was no match for Sherman's left wing. At 8:00 p.m. Hardee ordered a withdrawal along the road to Smithfield, leaving Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler's dismounted cavalry to cover the retreat. This decision proved fortuitous, as the Federals attempted to replicate Case’s earlier attack. An 1838 graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y., Hardee wrote the popular Rifle and Light Infantry Tactics in 1855. —The Real Words of Captain John Parker. The battle of Kinston MR. Forbes Kinston, MR. Forbes Wyse Fork, unknown to me. Mark L. Bradley, Last Stand in the Carolinas: The Battle of Bentonville (1996). The engagement began to take shape according to plan. Mounted Confederate cavalry attacked an unprepared Union cavalry encampment. The veteran officer would prove to be more than equal to the task. Fort Donelson Battlefield. Sep 30, 2015 - Bentonville was the last major battle of the Civil War. In between, Bradley discusses in detail the Campaign of the Carolinas, which includes the following battles: Rivers’ Bridge, Wyse Fork (aka 2nd Kinston), Monroe ’s Crossroads, Averasborough (aka Averasboro), and the grand finale at Bentonville. First came Savannah and then Charleston. Confederate casualties were, Hardee asserted, "between 400 and 500." A couple hundred lines behind Butler was Col. Stephen Elliot’s men. Please allow one business day for replies from NCpedia. Robert F. Hoke … Averasboro stands today perhaps as his greatest military achievement. The fight at Averasboro led, three days later, to the Battle of Bentonville, one of the last major battles of the Civil War and the largest battle ever fought on North Carolina soil. In the final month of the Civil War, the Battle of Averasboro took place DUNN – On a country road straddling the border of Harnett and Cumberland counties, there can … It won't take long to tour the visitor center and the battlefield, but it is worth the visit!!!!! Learn about what the civilians faced as the Northern army approached and view the modern landscape through their eyes. Complete guidelines are available at https://ncpedia.org/about. After abandoning Fayetteville, North Carolina to … This position, with added numbers then engaged the enemy. After abandoning Fayetteville, North Carolina to Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman’s army group, Lieutenant General William J. Hardee withdrew his corps north of the city. Lee’s surrender was a result of him being surrounded in the Appomattox River Valley and thus he decided that any further effusion of blood would be useless. The Battle of Averasboro (March 16, 1865) : On the afternoon of March 15, 1865, Judson Kilpatrick’s cavalry came up against Lt. Gen. William Hardee’s corps—consisting of Taliaferro’s and McLaw’s infantry divisions and Wheeler’s dismounted cavalry—deployed across … I do not know much about either battles. A monument to the Union soldiers who fought at the battle in the right center of the picture. Hardee’s immediate superior, Gen. Joseph Johnston, was in the process of assembling a makeshift army to delay Sherman’s advance. Appendix B Order of Battle at Averasboro, March 15-16, 1865 167 Although initially routed the Union soldiers rallied, counter attacked, and retook the camp. He had planned to strike north from Goldsboro, North Carolina to cut off the Southside Railroad leading into Petersburg. Three days after Averasboro, Johnston struck the Federals at Bentonville. The Battle of Averasboro, as Smith pointed out, was not fought in Averasboro. Rather than looking into his own past for inspiration, Hardee may very well have looked to a battle in America’s past that fit his plan for delaying Sherman. Sherman’s troops had just decimated Fayetteville, and they were heading to Raleigh. Col. Henry Case’s brigade attacked from the far tree line. On 15 March Gen. Joseph E. Johnston ordered Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee's 6,000 Confederate troops to engage the enemy while Maj. Gens. For personal use and not for further distribution. The Battle of Averasboro was a costly delaying action that began in Harnett County on 15 Mar. The Battle of Averasboro was a costly delaying action that began in Harnett County on 15 Mar. Thank you for the kind words, they are much appreciated. The first line will fight as long as possible and then withdraw to the next line behind them. Averasboro Website: http://www.averasboro.com/, Map of Battle: http://www.averasboro.com/History/MapofTheBattleofAverasboro/tabid/106/Default.aspx, History Channel: http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/battle-of-averasboro-north-carolina, NC Markers: https://www.ncdcr.gov/about/history/division-historical-resources/nc-highway-historical-marker-program/Markers.aspx?MarkerId=HH-2, how many union and confederate soldiers where killed in this battle. Instead, he decided to march west in an effort to seize Raleigh and keep Lee and Johnston from uniting. The Averasboro Battlefield Commission, Inc. (ABCI) is tasked with the responsibility to preserve and present the story of the Battle of Averasboro. They had the upper hand until Maj. Gen. Henry W. Slocum, commander of Sherman's left wing, ordered up additional infantry led by Col. William Hawley. If you would like a reply by email, note that some email servers, such as public school accounts, are blocked from accepting messages from outside email servers or domains. 1862 Battle at Pound Gap, Kentucky: Confederates separate battles; 1865 Battle of Averasboro North Carolina (1,500 casualties) 1867 First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery, in "The Lancet" A native of Georgia, Hardee was a West Point graduate who served in the War with Mexico. In the early 1850s, then Secretary of War Jefferson Davis had commissioned Hardee to compose a manual for drill. Was he behind it or in front of it? An advance by Col. William Vandever’s newly arrived brigade from Brig. In March 1865, the Battle of Averasboro (also called Averysborough, Smith's Mill and Black River) was the first deliberate, tactical resistance to the infamous march of Federal forces through Georgia and the Carolinas. Taking up a position between the Cape Fear and the Black Rivers, Hardee would have an opportunity to exact payback to the Yankees. Hardee had ordered the Clarendon Bridge over the Cape Fear River destroyed, removing the possibility of a vigorous pursuit by the Federals. The battle maps are well drawn, but there is only one map for Averasboro and two for Bentonville, depicting only selected pieces of the battles/battlefields. Chapter 5 Hardee's Defense-in-Depth 88. Johnston needed time to consolidate his forces for a major battle. Photo courtesy of Library of Congress, call #: DRWG/US - Waud, no. The battle resulted from a deliberate, well-planned, and well-executed Confederate tactical military maneuver in force--the first since the beginning of Sherman's march north. About five miles south of Averasboro, Hardee deployed his troops in three defensive lines to impede Sherman's left wing. Averasboro. By the middle of March, the forces that Johnston hoped to consolidate were still scattered throughout the state. Jefferson Davis, however, viewed the surrender as the loss of just one of his armies, but would ultimately be overruled by his military officers as far as opening communication with Sherman on the discussion of surrender. Gen. James Morgan’s XIV Corps division was blocked by Wheeler’s troopers. J. S. Smith, "On the Battlefield at Averasboro," Confederate Veteran (February 1926). You are standing near the center of the first phase of fighting in the Battle of Averasboro, March 15-16, 1865. Hardee used Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws to backstop the position. Chapter 7 A Critical Analysis of the Actions from Fayetteville to Averasboro 133. Sherman had only made it as far as Smithfield when he learned of Lee’s surrender at Appomattox. Date: March 16, 1865 Appendix A Driving Tour From Fayetteville to Averasboro 147. Sherman, indeed, never lost momentum. 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